Equal Inclusion Case Law
Brown V. Board of Education:
This allowed African Americans able to be in the same classes as white people. The law was filed in 1950 but didn’t pass until 1954 thus taking four years to pass. This was the first case to set a standard of integration instead of segregation. Not only did this case allow African Americans a better education, it also paved way for disabled students to receive an equal education.
Parc V. The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania:
This was in 1971 to help special needs students with their education. The Plaintiffs attorneys showed children with mental retardation deserve the same opportunity as those without disabilities to free public education. This case allowed all students with disabilities from ages 6 through 21 to be provided with a free public education.
Mills V. Board of Education:
This case was brought up to help children who were out of school and have behavior problems, epilepsy, mental retardation, hyperactivity, and physical problems to be provided a public supportive education. The district also had to provide due process procedural safeguards.
Section 504 of Public Law 93-112:
Took place in 1973 as part of the Vocational Rehabilitation Act. This law prohibits the exclusion from programs solely on the basis of an individual’s disability. Exclusion can be justified if a learning disability prevents a student from learning marching band formations even with accommodations. The agency or school can risk losing all federal funds if the denial of participation isn’t unjustified.
Public Law 94-142:
This is the Education for All Handicapped Children Act which was signed in 1975. This law provides children with disabilities ages 3 to 21 an appropriate and free education. It also provides Individualized Educational Plans and fair, accurate, and nonbiased evaluations. Before the law was passed, many children with disabilities weren’t receiving a public supported education.