Sociological Theories Response
Introduction to Juvenile Justice
July 12, 2012
Facilitator: Psonya Wilson
Social structure theories suggest that delinquency rates are tied into social and economic conditions in lower-class areas. Prominent Views of these theories focuses on, social disorganization, strain, and cultural deviance. In which theorists believe that social conditions control behavior choices (Siegel & Welsh, 2005). One organization in North Carolina that attempt to help improve social structure is the Bethlehem Center of Charlotte. According to the Bethlehem Center (2012), their goal is to provide “educational opportunities and outreach initiatives to children, families and seniors in need to improve the quality of their lives”. This organization offers an array of programs such as early childhood education and after-school scholastic programs. Programs such as these fight social disorganization by providing children with programs to keep them off the street and doing something constructive. The organizations drug, gang and alcohol prevention and education classes, scholarship programs, teen programs, community outreach and fatherhood programs, all help fight the view of strain and cultural deviance. These programs provide means to achieve legitimate goals, high values and help families along with the juvenile.
Social process theories suggest that delinquency can be prevented by strengthening the socialization process and helping social institutions improve their outreach (Siegel & Welsh, 2005). Big Brothers and Big Sisters is one organization that helps improve socialization, their goal is to match youths with adult role models for guidance and encouragement. Through encouragement and guidance the program encourages children to set higher goals, improve self-confidence, and help strengthen family bonds, while guiding them on the proper way to achieve these goals. The organization has a proven track record of helping children avoid and...